European Monarchs, Consorts, and Heirs, 1821

CountrySovereignBornAccededConsort (born)Heir (born)

Kingdom of the Two Sicilies

King Ferdinando I
12 Jan 17516 Oct 1759
Prince Francesco,
Duke of Calabria (1777)

Austrian Empire

Emperor Franz I
12 Feb 1768 11 Aug 1804
(HRE 1792-1806)

Empress Caroline Augusta
(1792)

Crown Prince Ferdinand
(1793)

Kingdom of Prussia

King Friedrich Wilhelm III
3 Aug 177016 Nov 1797
Crown Prince Friedrich
Wilhelm (1795)

Papal States

Pope Pius VII
14 Aug 174214 Mar 1800

Russian Empire

Emperor Alexander I
23 Dec 1777 24 Mar 1801
Empress Elisabeth (1779)

Grand Duke Konstantin (1779)

Kingdom of Sardinia

King Vittorio Emanuele I
24 Jul 17594 Jun 1802
Queen Maria Teresa (1773)

Prince Carlo Felice,
Duke of Genoa (1765)

Kingdom of Bavaria

King Maximilian I
27 May 175626 Dec 1805
Queen Caroline (1776)

Crown Prince Ludwig (1786)

Kingdom of Saxony

King Friedrich August I
23 Dec 175011 Dec 1806
Queen Amalie (1752)

Prince Anton (1755)

Kingdom of Denmark

King Frederik VI
28 Jan 1768 13 Mar 1808
Queen Marie (1767)

Crown Prince Christian (1786)

Kingdom of Spain

King Fernando VII
14 Oct 1784 11 Dec 1813
Queen Maria Josepha (1803)

Infante Carlos (1788)

Kingdom of the Netherlands

King Willem I
24 Aug 177316 Mar 1815
Queen Wilhelmina (1774)

Crown Prince Willem (1792)

Kingdom of France

King Louis XVIII
17 Nov 175526 Jun 1815
Prince Charles, Count
of Artois (1757)


United Kingdom of Portugal,
Brazil and the Algarves

King João VI
13 May 176720 Mar 1816
Queen Carlota (1775)

Pedro, Prince Royal (1798)

Kingdom of Württemberg

King Wilhelm I
27 Sep 178130 Oct 1816
Queen Pauline (1800)

Prince Paul (1785)

Kingdom of Sweden
and Norway

King Carl XIV Johan
26 Jan 1763 5 Feb 1818
Queen Desideria (1777)

Crown Prince Oscar
(1799)

United Kingdom of Great
Britain and Ireland
Kingdom of Hanover

King George IV
12 Aug 1762 29 Jan 1820
Queen Caroline (1762)

Prince Frederick, Duke
of York (1763)


Allegory of the Return of the Bourbons on 24 April 1814: Louis XVIII Lifting France from Its Ruins by Louis-Philippe Crépin

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European Sovereigns
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