Monarchs, Consorts, and Heirs of the World, 1908


(Sovereign Kingdoms and Empires)

CountrySovereignBornAccededConsort (born)Heir (born)

Austro-Hungarian Empire

Emperor Franz Joseph I
18 Aug 18302 Dec 1848
Archduke Franz Ferdinand
(1863)

Kingdom of Greece

King George I
24 Dec 184527 Jun 1863
Queen Olga (1851)

Crown Prince Constantine
(1868)

Kingdom of Belgium

King Leopold II
9 Apr 183517 Dec 1865
Prince Albert (1875)

Kingdom of Roumania

King Carol I
20 Apr 183920 Apr 1866

(15 Mar 1881)


Queen Elisabeth (1843)

Crown Prince Ferdinand
(1865)

Empire of Japan

Emperor Mutsuhito
3 Nov 18523 Feb 1867
Empress Masako (1849)

Crown Prince Yoshihito
(1879)

Kingdom of Siam

King Chulalongkorn
20 Sep 18531 Oct 1868
Crown Prince Vajiravudh
(1880)

Chinese Empire

Guangxu Emperor
14 Aug 187125 Feb 1875
Empress Longyu (1868)

Ottoman Empire

Sultan Abdul Hamid II
22 Sep 184231 Aug 1876

Kingdom of Nepal

King Prithvi
18 Aug 187517 May 1881
Queen Divyeshwari (1875)
Crown Prince Tribhuvan
(1903)

Kingdom of Spain

King Alfonso XIII
17 May 1886 17 May 1886
Queen Victoria Eugenie (1887)

Infante Alfonso,
Prince of Asturias (1907)

Kingdom of Bulgaria

King Ferdinand I
26 Feb 18617 Jul 1887

(5 Oct 1908)


Queen Eleonore (1860)

Crown Prince Boris (1894)

German Empire

Emperor Wilhelm II
27 Jan 1859 15 Jun 1888
Empress Auguste (1858)

Crown Prince Wilhelm (1882)

Empire of Abyssinia

Emperor Menelik II
17 Aug 184410 Mar 1889
Empress Taytu Betul (1851)

Crown Prince Iyasu (1895)

Kingdom of the Netherlands

Queen Wilhelmina
31 Aug 1880 23 Nov 1890
Prince Hendrik (1876)

Wilhelm Ernst,
Grand Duke of
Saxe-Weimar-Eisenach (1876)

Russian Empire

Emperor Nicholas II
18 May 1868 1 Nov 1894
Empress Alexandra (1872)

Tsarevich Alexei (1904)

Kingdom of Italy

King Victor Emanuel III
11 Nov 1869 29 Jul 1900
Queen Helena (1873)

Crown Prince Umberto (1904)

United Kingdom of Great
Britain and Ireland

Canada
Australia
New Zealand

King Edward VII,
Emperor of India
9 Nov 184122 Jan 1901
Queen Alexandra (1844)

Prince George,
Prince of Wales (1865)

Kingdom of Servia

King Peter I
11 Jul 1844 12 Jun 1903
Crown Prince George (1887)

Kingdom of Norway

King Haakon VII
3 Aug 187218 Nov 1905
Queen Maud (1869)

Crown Prince Olav (1903)

Kingdom of Denmark

King Frederik VIII
3 Jun 184329 Jan 1906
Queen Louise (1851)

Crown Prince Christian (1870)

Kingdom of Persia

Mohammad Ali Shah Qajar
21 Jun 18728 Jan 1907
Queen Malekeh Jahan (1875)

Crown Prince Ahmad (1898)

Korean Empire

Emperor Sunjong
25 Mar 187420 Jul 1907
Empress Sunjeong (1894)
Crown Prince Yi Un (1897)

Kingdom of Sweden

King Gustaf V
16 Jun 18588 Dec 1907
Queen Victoria (1862)

Crown Prince
Gustaf Adolf (1882)

Kingdom of Bhutan

King Ugyen Wangchuck
11 Jun 186217 Dec 1907Crown Prince Jigme (1905)

Kingdom of Portugal

King Manuel II
15 Nov 18891 Feb 1908
Infante Afonso,
Duke of Oporto (1865)


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