European Monarchs, Consorts, and Heirs, 1908

CountrySovereignBornAccededConsort (born)Heir (born)

Austro-Hungarian Empire

Emperor Franz Joseph I
18 Aug 18302 Dec 1848
Archduke Franz Ferdinand
(1863)

Principality of Liechtenstein

Prince Johann II
5 Oct 1840 12 Nov 1858
Prince Franz (1853)

Principality of Montenegro

Prince Nikola I
7 Oct 1841 13 Aug 1860
Princess Milena (1847)


Her. Prince Danilo (1871)

Kingdom of Greece

King George I
24 Dec 184527 Jun 1863
Queen Olga (1851)

Crown Prince Constantine
(1868)

Kingdom of Belgium

King Leopold II
9 Apr 183517 Dec 1865
Prince Albert (1875)

Kingdom of Rumania

King Carol I
20 Apr 183920 Apr 1866
Queen Elisabeth (1843)

Crown Prince Ferdinand
(1865)

Ottoman Empire

Sultan Abdul Hamid II
22 Sep 184231 Aug 1876

Kingdom of Spain

King Alfonso XIII
17 May 1886 17 May 1886
Queen Victoria Eugenie (1887)

Infante Alfonso,
Prince of Asturias (1907)

Kingdom of Bulgaria

King Ferdinand I
26 Feb 18617 Jul 1887
Queen Eleonore (1860)

Crown Prince Boris (1894)

German Empire

Emperor Wilhelm II
27 Jan 1859 15 Jun 1888
Empress Auguste (1858)

Crown Prince Wilhelm (1882)

Principality of Monaco

Prince Albert I
13 Nov 1848 10 Sep 1889
Her. Prince Louis (1870)

Kingdom of the Netherlands

Queen Wilhelmina
31 Aug 1880 23 Nov 1890
Prince Hendrik (1876)

Wilhelm Ernst,
Grand Duke of
Saxe-Weimar-Eisenach (1876)

Russian Empire

Emperor Nicholas II
18 May 1868 1 Nov 1894
Empress Alexandra (1872)

Tsarevich Alexei (1904)

Kingdom of Italy

King Victor Emanuel III
11 Nov 1869 29 Jul 1900
Queen Helena (1873)

Crown Prince Umberto (1904)

United Kingdom of Great
Britain and Ireland

King Edward VII
9 Nov 184122 Jan 1901
Queen Alexandra (1844)

Prince George,
Prince of Wales (1865)

Kingdom of Servia

King Peter I
11 Jul 1844 12 Jun 1903
Crown Prince George (1887)

Grand Duchy of Luxemburg

Grand Duke Guillaume IV
22 Apr 185217 Nov 1905
Grand Duchess
Maria Anna (1861)

Princess Marie Adelaide
(1894)

Kingdom of Norway

King Haakon VII
3 Aug 187218 Nov 1905
Queen Maud (1869)

Crown Prince Olav (1903)

Kingdom of Denmark

King Frederik VIII
3 Jun 184329 Jan 1906
Queen Louise (1851)

Crown Prince Christian (1870)

Kingdom of Sweden

King Gustaf V
16 Jun 18588 Dec 1907
Queen Victoria (1862)

Crown Prince
Gustaf Adolf (1882)

Kingdom of Portugal

King Manuel II
15 Nov 18891 Feb 1908
Infante Afonso,
Duke of Oporto (1865)

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