European Monarchs, Consorts, and Heirs, 1871

CountrySovereignBornAccededConsort (born)Heir (born)

United Kingdom of
Great Britain & Ireland

Queen Victoria
24 May 181920 Jun 1837
Prince Albert Edward,
Prince of Wales (1841)

Austro-Hungarian Empire

Emperor Franz Joseph I
18 Aug 18302 Dec 1848
Empress Elisabeth (1837)

Crown Prince Rudolf
(1858)

Kingdom of the Netherlands

King Willem III
19 Feb 1817 17 Mar 1849
Queen Sophie (1818)

Willem, Prince of Orange
(1840)

Kingdom of Italy

King Victor Emanuel II
14 Mar 1820 23 Mar 1849
(Sardinia)

17 Mar 1861
(Italy)


Crown Prince
Umberto (1844)

Russian Empire

Emperor Alexander II
29 Apr 18182 Mar 1855
Empress Maria (1824)

Tsarevich Alexander (1845)

Kingdom of Sweden
& Norway

King Carl XV
3 May 18268 Jul 1859
Queen Louise (1828)
Prince Oscar (1829)

German Empire

Emperor Wilhelm I
22 Mar 17972 Jan 1861
(Prussia)

18 Jan 1871
(Germany)


Empress Auguste (1811)

Crown Prince Friedrich (1831)

Kingdom of Portugal

King Luís I
31 Oct 183811 Nov 1861
Queen Maria Pia (1847)

Crown Prince Carlos
(1863)

Kingdom of Greece

King George I
24 Dec 184527 Jun 1863
Queen Olga (1851)
Crown Prince Constantine
(1868)

Kingdom of Denmark

King Christian IX
8 Apr 181816 Nov 1863
Queen Louise (1817)

Crown Prince Frederik (1843)

Kingdom of Belgium

King Leopold II
9 Apr 183517 Dec 1865
Queen Marie Henriette (1836)

Prince Philippe,
Count of Flanders (1837)

Kingdom of Spain

King Amadeo I
30 May 184516 Nov 1870
Queen Maria Victoria (1847)
Prince Emanuele Filiberto
(1869)

Germany 1871
World 1871

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