European Monarchs, Consorts, and Heirs, 1871

CountrySovereignBornAccededConsort (born)Heir (born)

United Kingdom of
Great Britain & Ireland

Queen Victoria
24 May 181920 Jun 1837
Prince Albert Edward,
Prince of Wales (1841)

Austro-Hungarian Empire

Emperor Franz Joseph I
18 Aug 18302 Dec 1848
Empress Elisabeth (1837)

Crown Prince Rudolf
(1858)

Kingdom of the Netherlands

King Willem III
19 Feb 1817 17 Mar 1849
Queen Sophie (1818)

Willem, Prince of Orange
(1840)

Kingdom of Italy

King Victor Emanuel II
14 Mar 1820 23 Mar 1849
(Sardinia)

17 Mar 1861
(Italy)


Crown Prince
Umberto (1844)

Kingdom of Saxony

King Johann I
12 Dec 18019 Aug 1854
Queen Amalie Auguste (1801)

Crown Prince Albert (1828)

Russian Empire

Emperor Alexander II
29 Apr 18182 Mar 1855
Empress Maria (1824)

Tsarevich Alexander (1845)

Kingdom of Sweden
& Norway

King Carl XV
3 May 18268 Jul 1859
Queen Louise (1828)
Prince Oscar (1829)

Kingdom of Prussia

King Wilhelm I
22 Mar 17972 Jan 1861
Queen Auguste (1811)

Crown Prince Friedrich (1831)

Kingdom of Portugal

King Luís I
31 Oct 183811 Nov 1861
Queen Maria Pia (1847)

Crown Prince Carlos
(1863)

Kingdom of Greece

King George I
24 Dec 184527 Jun 1863
Queen Olga (1851)
Crown Prince Constantine
(1868)

Kingdom of Denmark

King Christian IX
8 Apr 181816 Nov 1863
Queen Louise (1817)

Crown Prince Frederik (1843)

Kingdom of Bavaria

King Ludwig II
25 Aug 184510 Mar 1864
Prince Otto (1848)

Kingdom of Württemberg

King Karl I
6 Mar 182325 Jun 1864
Queen Olga (1822)

Prince Friedrich (1808)

Kingdom of Belgium

King Leopold II
9 Apr 183517 Dec 1865
Queen Marie Henriette (1836)

Prince Philippe,
Count of Flanders (1837)

Kingdom of Spain

King Amadeo I
30 May 184516 Nov 1870
Queen Maria Victoria (1847)
Prince Emanuele Filiberto
(1869)

(top row) Christian IX of Denmark, Wilhelm I of Prussia, Napoleon III of France, Alexander II of Russia, Abdulaziz of the Ottoman Empire.
(second row) Carl XV of Sweden & Norway, Victoria of the United Kingdom, Franz Joseph of Austria, Pope Pius IX (centre), Victor Emanuel II of Italy, Isabella II of Spain, Johann I of Saxony.
(third row) Luis I of Portugal, Ludwig II of Bavaria, Leopold II of Belgium, Mihailo III of Serbia
(bottom row) Karl I of Württemberg, George I of Greece, Carol I of Romania, Willem III of the Netherlands

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